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Pilot is a student who has achieved the level of independent, solo Pilot. They are able to fly without supervision, analyze different weather conditions, have necessarily a specialty in alpine and soaring. Before flying at different sites, Solo Pilots are recommended to choose places where they can receive the assistance of an APPI School. There, they receive important information, support and therefore are more secure.

To participate and complete a Pilot course, an individual must:

  1. Be certified as an Adventure pilot or have a qualifying certification from another training organization.
  2. Be a minimum age of 18
  3. Complete a 15 days course (including Open Sky and Adventure Course), including 25 flights logged


WEATHER: Temperature inversion, Thermal triggers and collectors, Evolution during the day, Stability and instability, Temperature gradient, Inversions, Dangerous situations for flight

MECHANICS OF FLIGHT: Mechanics of big ears and speed bar, Spiral dive, neutral and unneutral rotation, Understand and practice asymmetric collapse, Symmetric collapse, B line stall

AIRLAW: Understand airspace rules & obligations as Pilot

AIRMANSHIP: Using ridge lift, Weight shift away from slope, Thermalling skills, Terrain avoidance, flying with others, limitations of currency and experience

STATE OF MIND: Understand limits of glider, Weather, Mental, Maneuvering safely, Terrain, Traffic, Conditions, Stability, Understand the reached level and the risk of the activity

EQUIPMENT: Daily inspection and Maintenance, Glider weight range and certification, Know how to assess damage on a glider

ANALYSIS: Weather, Wind analysis before and during the flight, Safety attitude planning flying plan, Understand the airflow, Plan the evolution of the conditions during the day, Be able to adapt the flight and landing to changes in conditions


  1. Daily Weather Analysis, timing cycles
  2. Take off procedures, 5 point pre-flight check
  3. Starting and following own flight plan
  4. Choosing when to take off, good running
  5. After take-off in flight check: Harness, Direction
  6. Take-off with side wind 45 degrees max
  7. Managing the glider on pitch and roll axis
  8. Respecting flying distance from other pilots and terrain
  9. Descent technique : Big ears with speed bar, B stall
  10. Keep a correct angle of attack
  11. Using lift in safe way, Body and brake balance, Different Rhythms of turn
  12. Managing basic asymmetric collapse, Frontal collapse, Control Direction and Opening
  13. Using slope lift, Soaring, Placement, Speed range glider
  14. Thermalling, controlling outside brake
  15. Precise landing in changing conditions
  16. Emergency landing process
  17. Flying with others
  18. Accident procedure
  19. Understand limits of the Glider, Weather and Mental
  20. Minimum 25 flights with registered instructor on logbook
  21. Pass Theoretical exam (upon exam on APPI website, 50 questions with at least 80% correct answers)


The pilot is able to fly in the learning place, with minimum supervision, or independently in a quiet condition. The pilot knows their obligations and rights.



Solo Pilot with ALPINE validation means the pilot has completed his formation course in one area of mountain valley wind and thermals, and have skills PTU landing (aviation standard). Validation: minimum one day under instructor supervision on fly, analyze condition, landscape, etc.


Solo Pilot with SOARING validation means the pilot has completed his formation course in one area of meteo wind, venture, top landing, etc. Validation: minimum one day under instructor supervision, fly with meteo wind and top landing.


Solo Pilot with FLAT LAND validation means the pilot has completed his formation course using winch system for take off. Validation: minimum one day under instructor supervision, fly and safety winch take off.


Solo Pilots candidates must satisfactorily complete all course performance requirements. To apply for certification, the certifying APPI Instructor submit online a completed, validated APPI Solo Pilot Application to APPI website, along with the required photo, application fee and other qualifying certification documentation (if applicable).

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